VAT was 'not meant to be without pain'


James Smith


Tribune Business Editor


Value-Added Tax’s (VAT) implementation is “not meant to be without pain”, a former finance minister warned yesterday, arguing that all Bahamians had to share “the cost of repairing” the Government’s finances.

James Smith, now CFAL’s chairman, told Tribune Business that tax reform to increase government revenues was inevitable, and said: “If it’s not VAT, what then?”

Pointing out that the Bahamas could not keep attempting to do the same thing, and expect different results, when it came to increasing revenues, Mr Smith said the country could simply not sustain fiscal deficits of the magnitude it has run up over the past six years.

Noting that deficits of $400-$500 million were increasing the Government’s interest (debt servicing) bill by $50-$60 million annually, Mr Smith said any pain from VAT “pales into insignificance” against the consequences of further sovereign credit rating downgrades.

And, while agreeing that the Government needed to disseminate more information on VAT to the private sector and Bahamian public, the ex-Central Governor indicated that there would be ‘no going back’ on implementing the new tax.

“That’s a train that’s already left the station,” Mr Smith, who is still a Ministry of Finance consultant, told Tribune Business.

This implies that the Christie administration remains steadfast in its goal of implementing VAT by July 1, 2014, and it will not be held back by concerns and, indeed, opponents of its tax reform centrepiece.

Mr Smith, who was minister of state for finance under the first Christie administration, reiterated that VAT was just one element of the Government’s fiscal consolidation plan, the others being spending containment; enhanced administration and collection of existing taxes; and increased economic growth.

Yet he described VAT and altering the Bahamas’ tax regime as “essential” to the Government’s public finances reforms, and told Tribune Business: “The pain VAT brings pales into insignificance with what be lost with a further [sovereign rating] downgrade.

“It [VAT] was not meant to be without its pain. We’re coming out of a serious recession that pretty much wreaked havoc on the financial affairs of the Government, and spread the cost of repairing that across the entire society.”

However, numerous businesses and private sector executives have expressed concern that VAT will impose an extra level of unwanted austerity on a Bahamian economy still struggling to escape the grip of the recent global recession.

As a consumption tax that is ultimately paid by consumers, the fear is that VAT - together with the price increases and inflation (particularly on services) it will likely bring - will depress spending within the economy.

And, as business revenues decrease, their costs will also go up by an as-yet unknown amount.

This highlights the Government’s dilemma as it seeks to put its finances back on a sustainable path; trying to balance the need for more revenue with the simultaneous requirement for economic growth.

Suggesting that the Christie administration had little alternative but to increase taxes in some way, Mr Smith told Tribune Business: “If it’s not VAT, what then? It has to be something.

“We cannot continue shooting along under the same old model for revenue enhancement. VAT seems to be the logical choice.

“If we don’t do anything that’s a decision to continue to run very large deficits, which by themselves, if left to their own devices, will mean that with the interest on new debt we will be adding $50-$60 million [in annual debt servicing costs]. Something has to be done.”

Apart from 2010-2011, when the Government’s GFS deficit was reduced by the $210 million Bahamas Telecommunications Company’s (BTC) privatisation, the red ink has totalled between $363 million and $508 million.

Leaving out 2010-2011, between the fiscal years 2008-2009 to the present 2013-2014, the Government will have added (if the current year’s projections come true) a total $2.158 billion to the national debt - an average of $431.6 million per fiscal year.

The fear here is that, if left unchecked, the $5.2 billion-plus national debt, and a debt-to-GDP ratio approaching 70 per cent, will leave the Bahamas with crippling debt that strips essential public services - crime fighting, education and health - of much needed funding.

The soaring debt and interest bill will also result in spiralling borrowing costs on the international capital markets. In short, the Government’s fear is that its financial woes could take down the entire economy.

Meanwhile, Mr Smith also urged Bahamians and businesses to focus on the long-term, as opposed to the immediate impact of VAT and the adjustments it will spark.

The former finance minister pointed to the other factor driving VAT and tax reform, namely the Bahamas’ commitments under the World Trade Organisation (WTO) accession and Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) to phase-out numerous existing Customs duty rates.

Mr Smith said VAT was intended to replace the income lost through this. He added that while not all import tariffs would be “rolled back immediately”, this would likely happen with many over a 15-25-year period.

As a result, he argued that VAT’s impact would be mitigated in the medium to long-term, with prices possibly even dropping.


The_Oracle 10 years, 9 months ago

So finally, someone with the fortitude to tell the truth: We the People must pay for the folly of Government!

Perhaps if the truth was the starting point, and fiscal responsibility adhered to, we would not be running at the wall at 100mph today. No one walks away unscathed in this scenario. Brace for impact FNM and PLP alike!!

concernedcitizen 10 years, 9 months ago

His words were not government folly they were "were coming out of a serious recession that pretty much wreaked havoc on the financiall affairs of the governmemt ." We did the same thing the U/S did ,borrowed and spent on projects during the recession to put money in the economy .Now its time to pay the piper . Customs duties are really a comsumption tax and they are the most volitile and decline the most in a recession .

ohdrap4 10 years, 9 months ago

VAT rhetoric is composed of double-speak, the specialty of politicians.

"Revenue Neutral"-- for the government maybe, not for the consumer, even if reduction of customs duty were to be neutralized by VAT, the consumer will pay for increased administration costs.

It will not be neutral on services where VAT was never collected. Property insurance, for example, will increase costs for poor mortgage holders who must pay for comprehensive premiums-- same for folks with car loans.

I found it astonishing the text on Wikipedia which calls VAT an "efficient tax". Sure, it is most efficient because it is extremely regressive and the poor are the easiest group to tax.

If not VAT, What then?

My man, income tax, you do have income don't you?

herecomestheboom 10 years, 9 months ago

Income tax is no better than VAT, both could work well or go very badly depending on exactly how they were implemented.

banker 10 years, 9 months ago

What really ticks me off about James Smith, is that he is intelligent and yet he is a PLP apologist. How does an intelligent man function in a party where he had to contend with dummies like Neville Wisdom, V. Alfred Gray, Shame Gibson, Leslie Miller and other yellow-toothed marble-mouth thugs who's collective IQ doesn't exceed the largest shoe size of the bunch?

He is not being particularly truthful here, he just happened into a drive-by truth-telling while supporting the PLP. It used to be interesting to hear him and the other former governor of the central bank argue. One espoused left wing policies and the other was right wing. And James Smith always took home the prize as the least inspired.

Reality_Check 10 years, 9 months ago

This fella Smith has no shame whatsoever. For years he was in charge of our country's finances and just look at the pathetic state they are in today. He has always been a big proponent for the introduction of VAT and this alone should be good reason for us to stay with customs duties and stamp tax as our principal means of taxation. Truth be told, the following inter-related factors (in order of significance) are primarily responsible for the perilous financial condition that our country finds itself in today :

1) The inability of our FNM and PLP governments to protect the sovereign interests of our country by addressing the wicked financial assault beset on us by foreign governments like the U.S. through their agencies (e.g. IRS, IMF, WTO, OECD, World Bank, IDB, etc.) who all wrongfully perceive a financially healthy Bahamas to be inconsistent with their own national security interests;

2) The enormous concessions granted to foreign investors by PLP and FNM governments alike in exchange for "favours" (the polite word for "bribes") of one kind or another that benefit the politicians, their political party or their local business cronies/partners (often family members or close personal friends);

3) The corrupt influence peddling of our politicians, whether they be PLP or FNM, in business ventures for the benefit of themselves and their business cronies/partners in the private sector, particularly involving the procurement by government of goods and services at grossly inflated prices to accommodate "flow back arrangements" (once again, often involving family members or very close friends); and

4) The persistent failure of FNM and PLP governments alike to enforce the already existing revenue raising laws of our country (e.g. customs duties, stamp taxes, real property taxes, BEC revenues, etc.) as a result of turning a blind eye to the granting of "favours" to the "big guy" who is willing to line the pockets of politicians, ministry of finance personnel, customs officers, public treasury personnel, BEC personnel, and on and on.......


Reality_Check 10 years, 9 months ago

Neil Hartnell needs to take a hard look at himself in the mirror when it comes to his insatiable appetite for being a publicist for James Smith. The Tribune should also start asking Hartnell the "right $$$$" questions about his love fest with Smith as well as its own "great $$$$$$ love affair" with Greek sponsored advertising!

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