World View: America Should Remember We Can Pick Our Own Friends


Sir Ronald Sanders


Nelson Mandela in 1990 was a towering symbol of the triumph of right over wrong. Released from prison after 27 cruel years for his unrelenting stand against apartheid and the dehumanisation of the black peoples of South Africa, he was universally admired. His walk through the gate of Victor Verster Prison to freedom was watched on television by an emotional audience of millions the world over. Quite literally, there was an explosion of joy.

Every leader in the world wanted to be seen with him, even though a few of them were uncomfortable with his refusal to deny or condemn governments to which they were opposed for their own political reasons.

Visiting the United States one month after his glorious release from prison, Mandela refused to repudiate the Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, Yasser Arafat, Cuban President Fidel Castro and Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi - all denounced by successive governments of the US and some European nations. “Our attitude toward any country is determined by the attitude of that country toward our struggle,” the great man said.

It was a principled statement he repeated time and again when pushed to criticise Castro and Gadhafi. He declared: “No state can dictate to another what it should do. Those that yesterday were friends of our enemies have the gall today to tell me not to visit my brother Gaddafi. They are advising us to be ungrateful and forget our friends of the past.”

Mandela was teaching a simple but cogent lesson of international relations that powerful governments ignore to their own cost. Essentially what Mandela was saying is “The enemy of my friend is not necessarily my enemy” and, more importantly, just as ingratitude is a quality to be deplored in human relations, so, too, is it to be condemned in relations between states. Such behaviour by a state marks it as untrustworthy and unreliable.

The countries of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) have each had a beneficial relationship with Cuba. At times of natural disasters throughout the region, Cuba has been a first responder, even at times when it has endured catastrophe itself. Conscious that Cuba’s own resources are meagre, the willingness of its government and people to provide help to its neighbours has earned them great respect.

Cuba has also contributed significantly to the knowledge base of CARICOM societies, training its young people through scholarships in a range of disciplines, particularly medicine, for over four decades.

There is no CARICOM country that has not been a beneficiary of Cuba’s investment in medical science, through the provision of much needed medical personnel. In confronting the immense challenge of the COVID-19 pandemic, Cuba has been outstanding in supplementing the medical personnel of CARICOM countries with experienced doctors and nurses, putting their lives at risk.

It is not insignificant that the CARICOM countries, with the lowest number of deaths and the highest number of recoveries of infected persons, were buttressed in their efforts by Cuban personnel.

Therefore, it should not be unsurprising that regional governments have not reacted well to a bill, introduced in the US Senate by Republican Senators Rick Scott, Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, which seeks to classify Cuban medical brigades as victims of human trafficking and calls for punitive sanctions against countries which request them.

The basis for declaring Cuban medical brigades as “forced labour” and accusing Caribbean – and other governments – of “human trafficking” for requesting them, has no evidential foundation.

This effort follows decades of a US blockade against Cuba which has intensified in recent years, contributing to unemployment, poverty and human suffering. Cubans have been deprived of remittances from their relatives in the US, air traffic and cruise tourism has been banned, US companies have been warned on pain of severe penalties not to do business with Cuba, and even non US companies, if they also conduct business in the US, face sanctions. Each of these actions cause Cubans to lose their jobs, affecting the livelihoods of their families.

Cuba is far from perfect, although it has made astounding leaps to provide free and widespread health and education services despite the stifling circumstances of the embargo.

Its governing political apparatus is intolerant of the formation of opposing political parties and the government cracks down on protesting voices that it believes are encouraged and funded by external forces. All that needs to change, and a democratic system established in which the people can choose, without interference, a government and an opposition in contested elections.

However, such democratic norms cannot be established in a country to which international democratic norms are not extended, and which exists under an external siege intent upon regime change and the restoration of rule by interests self-exiled in the US and longing to install domination enjoyed before the Castro revolution.

Next month, the US trade embargo will have been in place for 60 years. To endure the resulting extraordinary circumstances of hardship required extraordinary policies and practices.

In any event, Cuba poses no threat to the security of the US nor the wellbeing of its people, something about which CARICOM countries would be deeply concerned were it so.

CARICOM countries share with the US a fundamental commitment to democracy. They also hold dear another value shared with the US - true self-determination.

So, they walk a line between the US and Cuba, always ready to help broker an end to the embargo and promote normal relations between two countries, in which democracy can thrive. But also exercising their right to determine their own friends.

The writer is Antigua and Barbuda’s Ambassador to the US and the OAS. The view expressed are entirely his own


Porcupine 1 year, 3 months ago

Mr. Sanders, what a great perspective and a great article. However, you made one statement with which I feel needs discussion. You say, "CARICOM countries share with the US a fundamental commitment to democracy. They also hold dear another value shared with the US - true self-determination." Study after academic study shows conclusively that there is little to no democracy in the USA. From money in politics, to the will of the people, democracy does not exist in the US. A vote every 2 or 4 years does not constitute a democracy, just because they say so. Here's a simple one. Nearly 70% of the American people want Medicare for All. Where is the democratic expression of this simple issue in US politics today? The rich choose who are on the ballot, and then who actually gets into office. The USA is not democratic, and they certainly do not believe in self determination, except for themselves. This had been adequately proven by history. I am happy to provide details. Otherwise, in regards to the anti-democratic, unChristian, and truly horrific treatment of Cuba by the US, you are absolutely spot on. Thank you Mr. Sanders


DDK 1 year, 2 months ago

With your comments added to the article, Porcupine, it would be completely spot on!


joeblow 1 year, 3 months ago

... the ant shouldn't pick a fight with a boot!


Dawes 1 year, 3 months ago

Hmm can't decide if the writer has a good point or not. He misses the fact that we all use Cuban doctors as we have failed in our countries, and Cuba provides a very cheap option. To say Cuba has been a first responder in natural disasters and not mention the amount of help the US gives after natural disasters is strange. I guess countries should turn a blind eye to what countries do in their country (though if they did would there have been any pressure on SA to release Mandela?), i know i would not want to live in a country where criticizing the rulers may well put you in jail. At the same time i agree the US policy to Cuba has not worked and they should think of something else.


Porcupine 1 year, 3 months ago

"i know i would not want to live in a country where criticizing the rulers may well put you in jail." You mean the US?


Dawes 1 year, 3 months ago

Can you show me an example of that? I have seen plenty people criticize Trump and they still seem to be out of jail. Now try live in Cuba and criticize Castro, let me know how it goes


Porcupine 1 year, 2 months ago

Ever hear of Julian Asange, Edward Snoeden, Chelsea Manning to name a few. The list is much longer, but you will not find the truth on TV or major media. The US does a fabulous job of making it seem like there is a democracy. And the hundreds, no thousands of protestors arrested? You do realize that protesting is a constitutional right in the US, don't you? Just because you don't see it doesn't mean it is not happening.


Dawes 1 year, 2 months ago

Yes i have heard of them. They weren't arrested for criticizing the rulers, they were arrested for leaking information (whether you agree that they should be able to or not is another matter). And yes you are allowed to protest, which is why thousands have been for a long time. What you are not allowed to do is destroy property, which is when you get arrested. Anyway if you want to prove your point, go to DC with a placard that says you hate Trump. Then if you are not arrested go to Cuba with one saying you hate Castro. Let me know which one allows you to.


hrysippus 1 year, 2 months ago

Porcufined seems to think that Julian Asange, Edward Snowden, Chelsea Manning were put in jail for criticizing Trump. This is simply not true. In fact julien is jailed in the UK for contempt of court not contempt of Trump.


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